2011 was quite the year in the mortgage industry. Underwriting standards got even tougher even for the most qualified consumers.
The mortgage industry has gone from one bad extreme to another.
Before the housing and financial crisis hit, there was little quality control. If a potential customer was alive, had a social security number, one could get a mortgage. Income did not have to be verified, and sometimes assets didn’t have to be verified either. Basic standards had to be improved.
There are four major components needed to qualify for a mortgage. First, sufficient income is needed to obtain good ratios. A customer had to have a mortgage that requires no more than 40 percent of one’s income. Second is good credit. Third is decent equity, which means a decent loan to value (LTV). Fourth are adequate assets.
What is happening in today’s over-regulated mortgage environment are underwriting and auditing standards which are out of control. One can have perfect credit, strong income and assets a low LTV, and your loan will still be scrutinized for the most minor of details.
Virtually all of your non-payroll deposits will require letters of explanation. If you make the “mistake” of depositing that $200 reimbursement check from your son for concert tickets you will have to write a “letter of explanation” as to where the $200 came from. If you received $400 for some side job, you have to write a letter of explanation. You get the idea. Why is this required? Good question.
If you have any credit inquiries on your credit report, you will have to write a letter of explanation.
The best advice is to plan ahead of time. Avoid non-payroll deposits for 60 days leading up to your mortgage application. Do not apply for any additional credit up to and during the mortgage process, your credit will be checked prior to approval.
The days of common sense underwriting are over for mortgages. Will common sense underwriting standards come back one day? Hopefully. It’s going to take some thoughtful lobbying from consumers and bank executives alike. Today’s standards are simply inappropriately tough.
Bill Starrels lives in Georgetown and is a mortgage loan officer who specializes in residential refinance and purchase mortgages. He can be reached at 703-625-7355 or firstname.lastname@example.org .