A phishing email is a bogus email carefully designed to look like a legitimate request or an attached file from a site you trust. Its purpose is to get you to willingly give up your login information to a particular website or to click and download a virus.
Often these emails look 100-percent legitimate. They show up in the form of a PDF (a scanned document), a UPS or FedEx tracking number, a bank letter, a Facebook alert, a bank notification, etc. That’s what makes them so dangerous: they look exactly like a legitimate email.
So how can you tell a phishing email from a legitimate one? Here are a few telltale signs.
First, hover over the URL in the email (but don’t click!) to see the actual website you’ll be directed to. If there’s a mismatched or suspicious URL, delete the email immediately. In fact, it’s a good practice to just go to the site directly (typing it into your browser) rather than clicking on the link to get to a particular site.
Another telltale sign: poor grammar and spelling errors. And consider it a red flag if the email is asking you to “verify” or “validate” your login or asking for personal information. Why would your bank need you to verify your account number? They should already have that information.
Finally, if the offer seems too good to be true, it probably is.
Alan Edwards, CISM, is chief information officer at Computerware, Inc., in Vienna, Virginia.